The top three slots on the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) newest Green Power Partnership National Top 100 ranking were held by Google, Microsoft, and Intel.

Green power, according to the Environmental Protection Agency, is defined as renewable energy sources which are naturally replenishing (such as solar, wind, or geothermal energy) and create electricity with 0% anthropogenic, or even human-caused emissions. Companies that work with the EPA are ranked according to their annual green electricity usage, which is quantified in kilowatt-hours (kWh). Additional indicators used in the agency’s rankings include the percentage of total electricity generated by renewable energy and the kinds of renewable energy sources employed.

The EPA’s Top 100 green power partnership businesses, which include colleges, retail, local governments, and tech/telecom, use more than 73 billion kWh of green power each year, enough to power about 6.9 million American households.

Google is a champion of carbon-free energy.

According to the EPA, Google (No. 1) utilized 7.9 billion kWh of wind and solar power, representing 93 percent of its entire electricity usage. This is assisting the cloud giant in meeting its goal of running all of its campuses and data centers on carbon-free energy (CFE) 24 hours a day, seven days a week by 2030.

In the classic strategy, a corporation compensates for its non-renewable energy consumption by providing renewable energy to global power grids. Google, on the other hand, has pledged to phase out non-renewable energy sources in its operations and invest in green energy abroad.

This year, Google inked contracts to purchase slightly under a gigawatt (GW) of CFE and enhanced its capacity to meet clean energy supply and demand on an hourly basis to move closer to this objective. Five of the cloud giant’s 22 data centers are also running on roughly 90% CFE, according to the company.

Microsoft Opts for Silver Rather Than Gold

Microsoft, which came in second place in the EPA’s rankings, used small-hydro, solar, and wind power to generate all of its 6.7 billion kWh of electricity. Microsoft has pledged to convert all of its facilities and data centers to 100 percent CFE by 2025, 5 years before Google intends to do the same. This year, the runner-up was named to the Carbon Disclosure Project’s (CDP) A List of corporate environmental leaders. However, Alphabet, Google’s parent firm, received an A- from CDP.

Intel, which also received an A from CDP, came in third on the EPA’s list by producing 100% of its yearly 5 billion kWh of electricity utilizing solar, wind, low-impact hydroelectric, as well as geothermal energy resources.

In its international operations and manufacturing, the chipmaker wants to use 100 percent renewable energy. Intel is moving toward this aim, according to its 2020-2021 CSR (corporate social responsibility) report, by acquiring “green power and on-site alternative energy initiatives that bring power directly to Intel buildings.”

Equinix (No. 6), Dell Technologies (No. 41), AT&T (No. 7), Cisco (No. 17), T-Mobile US (No. 10), and IBM (No. 79) are among the other significant technology businesses on the EPA’s list.

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