Satellites are vital to humanity in a variety of ways, and their applications have evolved over time. They make long-distance radio and cable television, as well as cellular phone calls, possible. Satellites supply us with a GPS (global positioning system) that allows us to know our exact location and get instructions to any destination. They allow isolated populations (those living in difficult-to-reach areas with harsh environments) to gain access to education and medical care.
Satellites are also used for reconnaissance, remote sensing, astronomy, atmospheric studies, navigation, space exploration, weather forecasting systems, and search and rescue in addition to communications. They are also used by governments to spy on other nations in order to defend their citizens as well as other national interests.
According to the ITU (International Telecommunications Union), there are about 1,819 communications satellites in the orbit around earth as of the end of 2020, out of roughly 3,372 active satellites. Satellite technology, according to the research, currently covers every human-occupied square kilometer on the earth. It also underlined the growing use of medium and low earth orbit (LEO) satellites at various altitudes to provide connectivity to over 697 million people throughout the world.
Nigerian Communications Satellite Limited (NIGCOMSAT), the satellite communication solutions supplier in Nigeria, was founded in 2006 with the primary goal of managing, controlling, operating, and ensuring the smooth supply of excellent satellite services to Nigerians. NIGCOMSAT Limited is responsible for providing and overseeing fixed satellite services to customers in the public and private sectors, as directed by the Ministry of Communications and Digital Economy.
NIGCOMSAT has established two subsidiary companies, the Satellite Infrastructure Company (SIC) as well as the Satellite Broadband and Broadcasting Company (SBBC), with the authorization of the supervising Ministry, to conduct commercial venture on its behalf with key stakeholders while also expanding its business operations.
The two new satellite firms were unveiled by Dr. Isa Pantami, who is the current Minister of Communications and the Digital Economy, at NIGCOMSAT Stakeholders’ Forum in Lagos in September, with the theme “NIGCOMSAT Ltd: The Present and the Future.”
While the SIC will focus on the satellite upstream services including transponder leasing, in-orbit testing (IoT), and carrier spectrum management (CSM), the SBBC will focus on satellite downstream services like broadband internet and TV, among other things.
The SBBC and SIC were both established to reposition NIGCOMSAT in order to capitalize on prospective prospects, enhance operational structures, and change the corporation into a growth-oriented company.
Meanwhile, NIGCOMSAT Limited has announced preparations to deploy two new spacecraft, NigComSat-3 and NigComSat-2, in 2025 and 2023, respectively, to substitute the present NigComSat 1-R, which is set to expire in 2026 after a 15-year life span. The ultimate launch of the 2 satellites is intended to improve the quality of the satellite services and comprehensive broadband services for clients and channel partners, in addition to putting NIGCOMSAT Ltd among the major communication providers with a fleet of satellites orbiting.