Housewife Jessica Regina Silva lives in Francisco Morato Greater Paulo with her husband six children and four teenage brothers in a house provided by the church This is because on January 2nd she lost everything she had The house I was building was hit by a building that slipped and collapsed during the storm.
It was a loud noise the lights turned off and when it turned on I saw my husband passed out covered in blood A concrete block hit my baby and my 5yearold son had to undergo surgery he recalls
Like her at least 4 million people live in risk areas across the country according to the Geological Survey of Brazil The mapping however was carried out between 2011 and 2020 in just 1605 cities around a fifth of Brazilian municipalities The survey indicated 14443 highrisk areas and 954 thousand homes in these conditions Only in 194 municipalities risks were not identified
This is a conservative estimate The number is even greater and has been increasing in the last 10 to 15 years It is a continuous process because it is necessary to control access to cities with urban planning and land occupation Today occupation is disorganized says geologist.
who is a consultant at the UN United Nations for natural disasters and director of the Unesco United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization Committee for landslides
Between January and June alone CPRM teams which is a public company linked to the Ministry of Mines and Energy identified more than 298000 people living in areas subject to landslides floods floods erosion and rockfall in 45 cities in 17 states.
The executive coordinator of the Geological Survey Julio Cesar Lana explains that most of the risk areas in the country are related to floods 34 and landslides 49.
It varies by region but in northern Brazil floods stand out in the Amazon River basin In the southeast there are more landslides due to the topographical condition with steep areas and slopes In coastal municipalities coastalmarine erosion is common In the south and northeast there are about 50 of each and in the centerwest of the country there is more flooding due to the influence of the Pantanal with flat areas and large rivers he detailed.
Another perverse face of the problem is social inequality It affects people unequally because the lowerincome population occupies areas of greatest risk Disasters increase inequalities on the planet They affect precisely the poorest who are unable to get back on their feet without help emphasizes Renato Eugênio de Lima
The statement is also endorsed by geologist Julio Lana The situation is a reflection of the natural geological condition and a function of the process of occupation of the territory Highincome people arrive first and go to safer areas while lowincome people occupy the peripheries in steeper areas on the banks of streams and are more prone to risks
When it rains its more frightening My boy asks if another house will fall down here I dont even sleep I didnt want to go back.
Those who live in risky areas today have often visited other addresses in this same dangerous condition This is the case of Jessica Silva Before moving to Francisco Morato.
She lived in Brasilândia in the north of São Paulo on top of a stream Her husband was a drug dealer was arrested and when released she was afraid that he would return to the neighborhood and then decided to move to another city